Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health

Chief Editor

  • Professor Khabriev Ramil Usmanovich - Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, DSc in Medicine, DSc in Pharmaceuticals.

 

Journal Founder

  • National Research Institute of Public Health named after N.A. Semashko

 

Periodicity

  • Since 1992.
  • 4 times a year

 

Indexing

  • HAC
  • RSCI
  • CrossRef

Journal mission

The topics of the scientific research, the results of which are reflected in the pages of the journal, are focused on the following areas:

- organization of pharmaceutical business;

- public health and healthcare, history and sociology of medicine;

- problems of drug supply;

- research and development of pharmaceuticals and medical equipment;

- pharmacology and clinical pharmacology;

- economic and social aspects of the pharmaceuticals and medical equipment market;

- legal aspects of drug provision;

- sociological analysis of the development of the pharmaceutical market; inequality and affordability of medicines;

- current trends in healthcare organization;

- medical management and marketing

The journal is registered with the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor) Certificate of registration of Mass Media ПИ No. ФС77-64152 dated December 25, 2015.

Announcements

 
No announcements have been published.
 
More Announcements...

Current Issue

No 1-2 (2022)

Full Issue

PDF(Russian)
Articles
FORENSIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SUICIDES IN KALUGA REGION (THE CORONERS REPORTS ANALYSIS FROM 2012 TO 2018)
Nosova E.S., Boris A.S., Oxana Y.A.
Abstract
Despite the wide range of suicide prevention measures, the main condition for their implementation is scientifically based effectiveness. Means restriction is one of the most effective intervention, according to Zalsman et al., 2017. The aim of this study is to analyze methods and other forensic parameters of suicides on the example of the Kaluga Regional Forensic Bureau materials. Methods: descriptive statistics, linear regression analysis and a number of statistical criteria were used. During the period from 2012 to 2018, the number of suicides was 409 cases, 85.8% male with male to female ratio 6.03:1. The structure of suicides was as follows: hanging (90%), firearms (4.7%), cutting/piercing with sharp object (3.9%), selfpoisoning (0.7%), jumping from a height (0.5%), fire (0.2%). Hanging prevailed in both men and women: 89.2% and 96.5%, respectively. The data obtained objectify the official statistics of suicide mortality in the region and are an important addition to epidemiological studies in this area.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):6-15
views
THE ISSUE OF ADOLESCENT MORTALITY IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Gureev S.A., Mingazov R.N., Mingazova E.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the problems of adolescent mortality, the indicators of which have a pronounced negative trend. The efforts of scientists and international scientific communities make it possible to determine the main causes of adolescent mortality and to formulate approaches to counteracting the identified factors of premature mortality of this population contingent. Despite the socio-economic differences between countries, the main causes of adolescent death are trauma, suicide, drug abuse, violence, accidents. In addition, pneumonia remains one of the leading causes of death in children worldwide, and therefore a review of studies describing the clinical conditions of COVID-19 in children is of particular interest. The COVID-19 pandemic, in addition to isolation processes that form a sharp limitation of communication among adolescents-peers, is also characterized by stressful relationships in the family, which also negatively affects the mental state of adolescents. A certain joint work of scientists, psychologists, public figures around the world is needed through the professional unity of strategic approaches aimed at eliminating, reducing the risks of manifestation of factors of premature mortality of the younger generation of the planet, including an increase in funding for this issue from the governments of different countries, which will allow for the evidence-based level to ensure the reduction of negative statistics in this area.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):16-25
views
ORGANIZATION OF CLINICAL LABORATORY SERVICES IN RUSSIA -STATE-OF-ART AND FUTHER DEVELOPMENT
Goldberg A.S.
Abstract
Laboratory medicine is a leading topic of healthcare research. However, even in a global perspective, only a few researchers consider laboratory diagnostics as an integral part of the entire health care system. It is relevant to systematize data on the development of laboratory diagnostics in the Russian Federation in order to analyze the improvement of organization and management, and introduce the principles of value-oriented healthcare. There is a selective review. The search for scientific publications made in the Russian-language bibliographic database of the Russian Science Citation Index (Russia). The search depth was 20 years, and included original and discussion papers, as well as reviews published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. The laboratory service is an important component of the healthcare system in the Russian Federation. Numerous studies are devoted to improving its organization. For this purpose, both international approaches and original decisions are used. Nevertheless, many issues of effective organization of the service remain unresolved. While their relevance is constantly increasing at the background of increasing demands for the volume, availability and quality of laboratory tests. In administrative divisions of the Russian Federation, various organizational approaches and models implemented, but their choice often does not have a scientific and methodological justification. The model of centralization has the largest evidence base, but it is not the only one, and often it is fundamentally not realizable. Practice-oriented methods for choosing a best model of laboratory services in a specific administrative division (also as a system of criteria for an objective assessment of the model's applicability in specific conditions) should be create in further research.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):26-35
views
MANAGING THE HEALTH OF EMPLOYEES AT THE WORKPLACE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL POLICY
Zudin A.B., Vvedensky A.I.
Abstract
The article deals with the issues of employee health management at the workplace and the organization of a safe environment for staff within the framework of the implementation of corporate social policy in order to ensure a competitive advantage in the labor market. The corporate sector also takes an active part in managing the health of employees at the workplace, developing and implementing corporate social policy, including measures to preserve health and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Modern production, integrating digital tools into its technological processes, increasingly requires the participation of highly qualified personnel, and informatization, along with the "gig economy", pulls out the most gifted and promising specialists, which is why companies have to make more and more efforts to attract and retain them. The conducted research allows us to conclude that at the present stage there is a merger of the direction of social benefits and the process of managing the health of employees in the workplace in the context of the implementation of corporate social policy, turning the personnel management system into one of the key tools in the fight for the best personnel in the labor market.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):36-41
views
MODERN APPROACHES TO FORMING HIGH COMMITMENT OF THE PERSONNEL OF A MEDICAL ORGANIZATION
Umnov S.V., Berseneva E.A., Kudrina V.G., Andreeva T.V., Spasennikov B.A.
Abstract
Employee commitment is a topic that gets undeservedly little attention. There is a wealth of research on employee motivation and satisfaction that is directly related to and directly affects commitment. However, there is no common understanding of what exactly influences the loyalty of employees of the organization, and what is commitment in general. In the context of healthcare organization, this topic is considered even less often. At the same time, commitment is what unites the organization and the employee directly. In an effort to combine methods of increasing adherence, the authors identified four main areas, each of which takes into account both internal and external factors affecting adherence: reducing distance and changing corporate culture, increasing the functional flexibility of personnel, creating opportunities for career and professional growth. involvement of personnel in management. The authors have consistently proven the value of these techniques for enhancing employee commitment.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):42-49
views
GENDER FEATURES OF COGNTIVE FUNCTIONS AND LIFESTYLE OF RUSSIAN SCIENTISTS
Vasiliev M.D., Makarova E.V., Nagibin O.A., Allenov A.M., Spasennikova M.G.
Abstract
The study of the cognitive status and risk factors for a decrease in intellectual potential in a group of scientists seems to be an important task to preserve their professional longevity and effectiveness. The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life, cognitive status and adherence to the principles of a healthy lifestyle in a group of researchers, taking into account the gender factor. A cross-sectional study was carried out of 213 researchers working in state scientific institutions in Moscow. The subjects filled out the questionnaires: 1) "Cognitive screening"; 2) "Age is not a hindrance"; 3) "Geriatric Depression Scale"; 4) "Profile of a healthy lifestyle"; 5) Russian version of the SF-36 questionnaire. In the group of Russian researchers, 9.85% had probable cognitive impairments that were not associated with the scientist's age, 3.28% showed signs of senile asthenia, 2.34% - senile depression. Two thirds lived in a subdepressive state (74.6%). Only one fifth of the respondents (19.71%, n=42) had neither cognitive impairment, nor asthenic syndrome, nor depression. A quarter of research workers did not follow the principles of a healthy lifestyle well enough (25.34%). The main problem was low physical activity, revealed in 79.3% of the respondents, as well as non-observance of the principles of rational nutrition. There were no differences between men and women regarding cognitive status. Men had better QoL in terms of physical health, while women had better mental health. In general, men were better able to follow the rules of a healthy lifestyle, namely: they had a higher responsibility for health, focus on internal growth and building interpersonal relationships. Women, however, were better able to adhere to dietary recommendations and were more physically active.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):50-57
views
TEACHING OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE UNDER CONDITIONS OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC AT PEOPLES' FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA
Sorokina T.S.
Abstract
The paper is devoted to the experience of teaching the History of Medicine at Peoples' Friendship University of Russia under conditions of a new coronavirus infection pandemic, and to the discussion on positive and negative aspects of distance education in medicine, which during the COVID-19 pandemic became the main and sometimes the only form of education. Among them are the following: a noticeable decrease in the university entrants' knowledge; loss of live communication between the teacher and the student; the difficulty to involve all students of the group into an active discussion of the topic in the on-line format; the complexity of an objective assessment of the real knowledge of students; a multiple increase in the teacher's extracurricular work, which spills out far beyond the normative load; a significant increase in the time that the teacher spends on preparing e-learning materials, checking students' written works and daily correspondence with numerous students in e-mail format; weakening of ethical and educational aspects of the teaching process, as well as professional and emotional "burnout". Thus, distance learning cannot replace full-time education - it is only an addition to the traditional full-time (live) education that has been proven for centuries.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):58-69
views
COVID-19: HISTORY LESSONS (PERSONAL OPINION OF A SCIENTIST)
Spasennikov B.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the problems of the COVID-19 pandemic. The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted a number of public health problems. Leading world states were not ready to face this infection. The research is based on the interdisciplinary integration of medical, historical, psychological, legal and sociological knowledge. The reasons and conditions for the emergence of anti-scientific propaganda, which disorientated the population in the context of a pandemic, are described. The problems of higher medical education during a pandemic are formulated. It is proposed to introduce obligatory vaccination of the population. The difference between obligatory and compulsory vaccination has been formulated. Vaccination evaders should be subject to administrative liability. It has been shown that the introduction of QR codes is a measure of state compulsion to voluntary vaccination. The neurotropic nature of the virus SARS-CoV-2 creates uncertainty for the mental health of the nation. The question is raised about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the neuropsychic health of the population, on a decrease in cognitive potential with uncertain consequences. The main historical lessons of the pandemic have been identified. If humanity learns the lessons of the COVID-19 pandemic, it will emerge from the pandemic at a new intellectual and organizational-behavioral level, primarily in public health and healthcare.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):70-87
views
COVID-19: HISTORY LESSONS (PERSONAL OPINION OF A SCIENTIST)
Frumenkova T.G.
Abstract
The article analyzes the activities of officials and doctors of the Moscow Mariinsky educational institutions and hospitals, as well as the patroness of these institutions, the Empress Maria Feodorovna, to prevent epidemics in late 1812-early 1813, after the withdrawal of Napoleon's army from the city. The hospital wards, as well as the rooms of the women's institutes and the foundling house, which were empty after the evacuation of the institutes and some of the inmates, required serious disinfection and repair, as they were occupied by French patients and wounded for more than a month. Up to 2.5 thousand of them died and were buried near the walls of the foundling house. After the onset of frost, the Moscow authorities had to reburial them. Disinfection of the premises of the foundling house and women's institutes was carried out until the middle of the summer of 1813. The preventive measures taken made it possible to prevent an outbreak of infectious diseases in Moscow.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):88-95
views
THINKING DURING PANDEMIC TIME
Lindenbraten A.L.
Abstract
Thinking about the problems associated with the COVID-19: historical analogies, the causes and influence on public consciousness and health, the role of medicine and medical possibilities, the need of appropriate informational technologies as the basis for detailed scientific analysis, the reliability of medical statistics, the impact of economic factors and advertising, introduced measures and their possible consequences as a result of changing the dynamic stereotype of the population.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):96-99
views
TELEMEDICINE: INFLUENCE OF PANDEMIC ON DIGITAL REMOTE HEALTHCARE TRENDS
Ignatova A.I., Spasennikova M.G.
Abstract
The article discusses the main trends in the use of telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia and abroad. The main attention is paid to state regulation of the provision of remote medical care: standardization, new legal norms adopted in connection with the pandemic, as well as obtaining intellectual property rights. The WHO recommendations and urgent organizational and logistical measures established by the state for the use of telemedicine in Russia, comparative assessments of the facts of the use of telemedicine in the countries of the world in support of the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic are considered. It is emphasized that currently the potential of telemedicine is not fully exploited, which requires more attention of the state. It is concluded that the policy in the direction of digitalization of healthcare gives hope for the effective use of telemedicine in emergency situations. The natural lag of regulatory norms from the pace of technological development needs further exploring by the communities of doctors and patients.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):100-107
views
DASHA SEVASTOPOLSKAYA: FEAT, LEGENDS AND REALITY
Ershov A.E., Sorokina T.S.
Abstract
The paper is devoted to moot points and versions of the biography of Dasha Sevastopolskaya (Daria Lavrentievna Mikhailova) who was the heroine of the Crimean campaign (1854-1855). An orphan since a young age, she organized a simple mobile dressing point with her own means, and went to the Crimean battlefield where she took care of the wounded and sick warriors during the Battle of Alma and in besieged Sevastopol. Various versions of the year of her birth, the origin of her surname and patronymic, her status in terms of that time are discussed. The paper is based on publications of her contemporaries, literary sources of the 19th and 20th centuries and modern data, as well as on The Sevastopol letters by the Great Russian surgeon Nicolay Pirogov, in which he highly esteemed the selfless activity of famous Daria on the battle-fields of the Crimean War.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):108-117
views
FROM THE FIGHT AGAINST PUERPERAL INFECTIONS TO OVERCOMING INFANT MORTALITY, FROM OBSTETRICS TO PEDIATRICS
Gorelova L.E., Shelkova V.N.
Abstract
The article considers the relationship between the prevention of puerperal (postpartum) infections and the development of domestic pediatrics using the method of historical and medical analysis. The introduction of aseptics and antiseptics into the practice of combating puerperal infections, together with the progress of operative obstetrics in the early twentieth century, contributed to the emergence of large maternity hospitals and a hospital for postpartum patients in Moscow. The involvement of pediatricians in obstetric hospitals for the supervision of infants with the formation of consultations on care and feeding at them marked the beginning of systematic protection of infants in the city, a purposeful fight against infant mortality and contributed to the separation of pediatrics from obstetrics as an independent medical specialty and branch of medical science. The article presents a comparison of the features of the formation of the pediatric service in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the pre-revolutionary period in connection with the differences in the organization of obstetric care.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):118-123
views
EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND ORGANISATIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT OF HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATION OF THE ARKHANGELSK STATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE ALEXANDER B. SHEVELEV
Svetlichnaya T.G., Sannikov A.L., Mordovsky E.A., Spasennikova M.G.
Abstract
The problem of realizing the role played by an outstanding person in the history of the development of society has always attracted the attention of a wide range of scientists. It is especially important to comprehend the facts of the biography and the contribution of prominent figures to the development of medicine. Modern domestic medicine is the last link in a long chain of national traditions in the field of health protection and social protection of the population. That is why, considering the state of the domestic health care system, one cannot ignore the contribution of an outstanding social hygienist and health care organizer, thanks to whom the development of science and practice of social hygiene and health care organization took place. The aim of the study was to study the scientific and practical achievements of the organizational and medical activities of A.B. Shevelev (1894-1975) - one of the founders of national sanitary statistics, social hygiene and health care organization, and their influence on the development of new forms and methods of providing medical care to the population. Based on the analysis of archival (State Archives of the Arkhangelsk Region) documents for the period 19441952. and scientific publications characterize the life and work of A.B. Shevelev, who headed the Department of Health Care Organization in the northernmost medical university of the country during this difficult period.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):124-133
views
TERMINOLOGY OF CHILDHOOD INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN THE FOLK MEDICINE OF RUSSIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19th-EARLY 20th CENTURIES
Likhtshangof A.Z.
Abstract
Designations of classic childhood infectious diseases (measles, chickenpox, rubella, mumps, diphtheria, scarlet fever, whooping cough) in the folk medicine of Russia were studied on the base of the scientific literature of the second half of the XlX-early XX century analysis. It's well known that epidemic outbreaks of these nosologies were frequent in Russia. Childhood diseases constituted a traditional sphere of folk (especially female) healing, therefore information about them is very extensive. The group of childhood infectious diseases was widely represented in folk medical terminology. The more famous and widespread the disease was, the more synonymous names it had in different regions of the country. It seems possible to distinguish two groups of folk names: “semi-official” (representing a more or less distorted corresponding medical term) and “purely folk” (usually reflecting certain aspects of the clinic and treatment of a disease).
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):134-139
views
TO THE 140th ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH OF PROFESSOR PAVEL PAVLOVICH MUFEL
Malikova A.A.
Abstract
The study of biographies of doctors, outstanding scientists of the past years helps our modern doctors to take a more responsible approach to the treatment of patients, inspires them to selfless service to people and constantly replenish their knowledge. The article is dedicated to the memory of the Soviet and Russian scientist, epidemiologist, malariologist, Honored Worker of Medicine, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Pavel Pavlovich Mufel, who made a great contribution to the study of epidemics, in particular, malaria (intermittent fever, swamp fever).
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):140-143
views
EPIDEMICS AND FIGHT AGAINST THEM IN THE XIX CENTURY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TSARITSYN)
Chernysheva I.V.
Abstract
The territory of the Lower Volga region, due to its geographical, climatic, and ethnic characteristics, was a region through which epidemic diseases from Asia penetrated into Russia. One of the factors that helps spreading of epidemics, including cholera, in this area was such magnificent a waterway as the Volga. In the 19th century, cholera became a frequent event in the cities of Volga region, one of which was Tsaritsyn. In the 19th century this city was considered to be a risk zone for living due to frequent outbreaks of infectious diseases. Over the years of constant struggle with epidemics in the Lower Volga region, practical experience has been accumulated, however, it was not always possible to prevent their development in the city, despite the anti-epidemic measures being taken. The spread of diseases was basically caused by internal migration processes taking place in this territory. The arrival of seasonal workers into Tsaritsyn every spring was often accompanyed with a new outbreak of "contagious disease." Unsanitary conditions in the city, lack of running water and sewerage systems, slums on the suburbs, low level of medical culture of the population are factors contributing to the rapid spread of epidemics. In Tsaritsyn in the 19th century, outbreaks of epidemics of cholera, plague, typhoid were often noted. At the same time Sarepta, a German colony of gernguters, near Tsaritsyn, succeeded to avoid epidemics, preserving the number of population. Due to their mentality and religious views, the gernguters created a perfect system of public health care, which was not available in Tsaritsyn.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):144-149
views
EPIDEMIC TYPHUS - DISEASE OF WAR, DEVASTATION, POVERTY
Chigareva N.G.
Abstract
The article deals with the historical and medical aspects of epidemic typhus. The search for the pathogen, the study of ways of infection and the development of ways to combat typhus lasted more than a hundred years. The contribution of domestic doctors to the determination of the vector, the study of the clinic and the isolation of typhus into an independent nosological form is shown. A brief overview of the main military events in Russia, which were accompanied by outbreaks of epidemic typhus, often referred to as «military typhus», is presented. Despite the victory over typhus, outbreaks of the disease are possible in the event of a in the event of a deterioration socio-economic and material standard of living of the population.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):150-153
views
HEMOTRANSFUSION: HISTORICAL AND MEDICAL ASPECT <1873-1874)
Sergeeva M.S.
Abstract
In the mid-70s of the XIX century, one of the most ambitious experiments was carried out in clinical medicine. Hundreds of doctors were carried away by the idea of blood transfusion, looking at it as a panacea for many incurable diseases, accompanied by the depletion of the spiritual and physical forces of the body. Following the obstetric practice, military surgery seemed to be the most promising area for blood transfusion. The transience of military campaigns, coupled with mass wound casualties, became one of the main organizational and ethical problems of the military field medicine in 1850-1870. Generally, blood transfusion gave doctors the hope of bringing back to life the thousands of wounded people who were dying of blood loss on the battlefields. The use of lambs solved the problem of a shortage of healthy donated blood, allowing this idea to be put into practice. Numerous publications in the professional and public press of that time supported the interest of practicing physicians in this method. As a result, in 1874 they performed the largest number of blood transfusions, accounting for 40% of the global clinical practice that existed at that time.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):154-159
views
STATE POLICY DURING THE FIRST CHOLERA EPIDEMIC IN RUSSIA
Semashko N.A.
Abstract
Historical epidemiology helps to model the processes of elimination of infectious diseases, to predict their spread. The article is devoted to the history of the fight against the Cholera epidemic in the Russian Empire. Cholera was first introduced from Asia to Europe in the early nineteenth century. The fight against the first cholera epidemic in Russia (1823) was quite successful due to timely anti-epidemic measures taken by the government, medical community. The next epidemic (1829-1931) affected most of European Russia and caused a high level of morbidity and mortality. The Government's actions during this period were extremely inconsistent. The fight against the epidemic was carried out by police measures. The doctors' opinions were ignored. Quarantines that were contrary to the interests of foreign trade were often lifted. Large cities and capitals with poor sanitary conditions have suffered the most from the epidemic. In 1831, the epidemic spread beyond the borders of Russia. Russian doctors have contributed to the study of the epidemiology of cholera. They formulated provisions on the contagiousness of cholera, the importance of people in its spread, and the need to create antiepidemic barriers.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):160-165
views
GEORGY A. MITEREV - AS THE AUTHORIZED OF THE STATE DEFENSE COMMITTEE FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST INFECTIONS IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR
Goncharova S.G.
Abstract
The role of the People's Commissar of Health of the USSR, Georgy A. Miterev, as the Authorized of the State Defense Committee for anti-epidemic work, still remains a little-studied page in the history of medicine due to the closeness of most archival documents of the State Defense Committee. Georgy A. Miterev acted as the coordinator and organizer of the program to combat foci of particularly dangerous diseases. All departments of the People's Commissariat of Health of the USSR participated in the implementation of the program. The purpose of this article is to show the participation of Georgy A. Miterev in the development of important government decisions to combat the foci of particularly dangerous infections that spread among the civilian population during the Great Patriotic War in some cities in the rear of the country and in the territory liberated from the invaders.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):166-171
views
PLAGUE EPIDEMICS AND THE FORMATION OF AN ANTI-PLAGUE SERVICE IN TSARITSYN AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY
Kitsenko R.N.
Abstract
Since the second half of the 19th century, outbreaks of plague have been regularly recorded in the Lower Volga region. For many years, the medical community believed that the disease being spread to the Volga region from Asian countries, as a result of trade and cultural contacts. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, Russian bacteriologists put forward a hypothesis about the endemic nature of plague epidemics in the Lower Volga region. To identify factors and possible hotbed of plague in 1913, a bacteriological laboratory was established in the city of Tsaritsyn, headed by the plagueologist A.A. Churilina. The laboratory staff carried out regular studies of steppe rodents for the carrier of the plague bacillus. As a result of this work, foci of epizootics were identified in the Tsaritsyn district, which made it possible to plan anti-epidemic measures. A.A. Churilina and her staff carried out bacteriological studies for diagnostic purposes, and trained doctors in bacteriology. The laboratory became the center of the anti-plague service in the Saratov province.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):172-177
views
MEMORIES: THE LAST OUTBREAK OF SMALLPOX IN MOSCOW
Zuev V.A.
Abstract
The article describes some episodes of the last outbreak of smallpox in Moscow (Russia) at the end of 1959 and the beginning of 1960. A Muscovite, who visited India, returned home with signs of ill health, and after contacting the district polyclinic, he was sent to the Botkin Clinical Hospital. In the emergency department, he was mistakenly diagnosed with influenza and was admitted to the general ward with influenza patients. The patients in the ward shortly developed skin lesions and those gave rise to a laboratory study of the imprint preparation, in which the variola virus was detected by a specialist in smallpox and smallpox vaccine. This fact served as the basis for the formation of the headquarters, which began to organize and carry out active therapeutic actions and launched a vaccination campaign in the shortest possible time in Moscow and Moscow region. Thanks to these actions, the outbreak was soon practically eliminated.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):178-181
views
OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTION OF ACADEMICIAN P.A. VERSHILOVA TO THE VACCINE PREVENTION OF BRUCELLOSIS
Kulakov Y.K., Ivanov-Pryanichnikov I.A.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, Doctor of medical sciences, professor Polina A. Vershilova - the world-class scientist whose scientific interests were in the field of vaccine prevention and control of brucellosis in the Soviet Union and a number of countries. The early scientific works of P.A. Vershilova with colleagues at the Gamaleya Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology are shown for the experimental development and industrial production the world's first live vaccine used to prevent human brucellosis since 1952 to now. The works of P.A. Vershilova and colleagues to study the safety and efficacy of a brucellosis chemical vaccine for use in immunoprophylaxis of human brucellosis are presented. The creative versatile activity of P.A. Vershilova, as a talented organizer of public health in the field of epidemiology and vaccine prevention of human brucellosis and infectious diseases, as a wonderful and rare teacher is reviewed. The scientific achievements of the outstanding microbiologist, epidemiologist and the world's first creator of a live vaccine against human brucellosis - Academician P.A. Vershilova currently are highly appreciated by the state in the name of square in front of the Gamaleya National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):182-191
views
SCIENTIST AND PRACTICAL EPIDEMIOLOGIST IGOR D. DRINOV ON HEALTH PROTECTION OF THE POPULATION OF MOSCOW AND COUNTRY
Gotvyanskaya T.P., Rusakova E.V., Kozhevnikova L.K., Semenenko T.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to one of the prominent scientists of modern epidemiology -Doctor habil. in Biology, Professor Igor D. Drinov, who made a great theoretical and practical contribution to the prevention and organization of anti-epidemic measures against various infectious diseases, including influenza, acute respiratory diseases, particularly dangerous infections, parasitoses, HIV infection and others, both on a national scale and, especially, in the city of Moscow. Drinov I.G. is the author of a large number of scientific papers devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and evolutionary foundations of infectious pathology. In his research, professor Drinov I.D. paid great attention to the system of epidemiological surveillance of infections of various etiologies, as well as to epidemiological analysis of infectious pathology of various genesis.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):192-195
views
SCIENTIFIC WAY OF IGOR A. SHAGINYANY
Chernukha M.Y., Avetisyan L.R.
Abstract
The article presents the stages of the scientific way of the famous Russian epidemiologist and microbiologist Igor A. Shahinyan, Doctor habil. in Medicine, Chief Researcher, Head of the Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology of Nosocomial Infections of the Gamaleya National Center of Epedimiology and Microbiology (1995-2020). Shaginyan I.A. worked his way up from a senior laboratory assistant in the Department of Microbiology to the head of a laboratory, in charge of one of the modern scientific directions - the study of genomic polymorphism of pathogens of infectious diseases. His work, together with his students and clinicians, was devoted to the molecular mechanisms of the formation and functioning of communities of pathogens of nosocomial infections and the molecular mechanisms of microevolution of pathogens, that cause healthcare associated infections. Joint cooperation with the Moscow Center for Cystic Fibrosis began in 2005, under the leadership of I.A. Shaginyan. The microbiological diagnostics of chronic lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients in Russia have been improved. Molecular genetic methods were included in the diagnostic algorithm, which allowed to carry out accurate identification, correct antibiotic therapy and preventive measures. The molecular genetic studies have shown the variability of the population of microorganisms in the lungs during chronic lung infection, which confirmed the need for constant microbiological monitoring of the lung microflora in patients with cystic fibrosis. I.A. Shahinyan passed away on May 27, 2020. His work is continued by his followers.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):196-201
views
PROFESSOR NATALIA V. KARAZHAS - RESEARCHER EPIDEMIOLOGY OF OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS AND CREATOR OF THE INSTITUTE'S MUSEUM
Kostyukova N.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the contribution of Professor Natalia V. Karazhas to the study of the epidemiology of opportunistic infections. To solve the upcoming tasks, N.V. Karazhas first of all developed and put into practice methods of serological diagnosis of two opportunistic infections - cytomegalovirus and mycosis pneumocystosis, without which it is impossible to account for the incidence of these infections. Using these methods, she revealed the widespread occurrence of asymptomatic forms of pneumocystosis in Russia, primarily among patients with bronchopulmonary pathology and in persons with immuno-deficient conditions. In asymptomatic cytomegalovirus infection, the possibility of developing manifest forms against the background of immunodeficiency was revealed, and a high probability of nosocomial spread of this infection was shown. Currently, N.V. Karazhas continues to work on studying the epidemiological features of different forms of cytomegalovirus and pneumocystosis, including the combinations with HIV infection, herpesvirus infections in patients with tuberculosis are being studied, and CMI in patients with respiratory tuberculosis is being studied. In addition to her main activities, Natalia Vladimirovna created the Museum of the History of the Gamalei Institute on a voluntary basis.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):202-207
views
PROFESSOR ARPIK ASHOTOVNA ASRATYAN-SPECIALIST IN THE FIELD OF EPIDEMIOLOGY OF VIRAL HEPATITIS
Rusakova E.V.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the memory of the well-known Russian epidemiologist Arpik Ashotovna Asratyan, who, after graduating from graduate school from the seventies of the last century and until 2020, worked at the N. F. Gamalei Research Center of the Russian Ministry of Health. She led a group to study the diagnosis, epidemiology and prevention of viral hepatitis A, B and C. The incidence of these infections was high, they were accompanied by severe complications and often had fatal outcomes. This concerned primarily parenteral hepatitis B and C, the methods of diagnosis and prevention of which were developed very insufficiently in those years. Under the leadership of Arpik Ashotovna Asratyan, the first domestic diagnostic drugs for hepatitis B were created, the breadth of distribution of not only clinically pronounced jaundice forms, but also atypical non-jaundice forms hepatitis B was studied, which made it possible to assess the true prevalence of various groups of children and adults in different regions of the former USSR and Russia.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):208-211
views
PROFESSOR E.V. RUSAKOVA - SPECIALIST IN VACCINE PREVENTION OF TOPICAL INFECTIONS
Kostyukova N.N.
Abstract
The article describes the activities of Professor E.V. Rusakova, a specialist in the field of epidemiology, diagnosis and prevention of topical infections. E.V. Rusakova's research was devoted to the study of the epidemiology and prevention of various infections - both well-known (measles, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, etc.) and poorly studied (mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, legionella, parenteral hepatitis, HIV infection) with extensive use of modern laboratory methods, such as serological, immunological, microbiological, virological, molecular biological). New data were obtained on the current epidemiological features of various infections, in particular, on the breadth of their spread among children and adults in different territories of the country. It paid great attention to the improvement of existing epidemiological surveillance systems and the development of surveillance for new infections, which is necessary to improve the effectiveness of measures to control infections of different etiologies.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):212-215
views
REVIEW ON THE DISSERTATION OF MARKINA ALENA YURIEVNA “SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF THE SYSTEM OF PREVENTION OF EARLY SOCIAL ORPHANITYIN A LARGE INDUSTRIAL REGION “, SUBMITTED FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF HABIL. IN MEDICINE, SPECIALTY 14.02.03 - PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTHCARE
Chicherin L.P.
Abstract
A review of A.Yu. Markina's dissertation for the degree of Doctor habil. in Medicine in specialty 14.02.03 - Public Health and Healthcare on the topic “Scientific and methodological justification of the system for the prevention of early social orphanhood in a large industrial region" is presented. The revealed increase in the proportion of lumpenized women among mothers-refuseniks, as well as deviant motherhood, significantly complicate the prevention of this social phenomenon. The effectiveness of the developed system of preventive measures is shown.
Bulletin of Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health. 2022;(1-2):216-222
views

Mailing Address

Address: 105064, Moscow, st. Vorontsovo Pole, 12, building 1

Email: r.bulletin@yandex.ru

Phone: +7 (495) 917-90-41 add. 136



Principal Contact

Kuzmina Uliia Aleksandrovna
EXECUTIVE SECRETARY
National research Institute of public health named after N. A. Semashko

105064, Vorontsovo Pole st., 12, Moscow


Email: r.bulletin@yandex.ru

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies